As is known, consumption and manufacture of wood plates in world are constantly increased. greatest rates of growth have wood-fiber plates of average density (MDF plates), used in furniture manufacture and at realization of painting and decorating in all types of premises(rooms), and plates from maxsize a focused shaving (Lam OSB plates). Plate MDF is made by a method of pressing of wood fibres with use organic binding in conditions of a high pressure and temperatures. To manufacturing plates MDF it is applied, as
Rule, low-grade wood and waste products woodmanufacture. Plate MDF has one
Native dense structure due to what by opportunities of machining she(it) it is significant
Surpasses a natural tree. Especially it is necessary to note, that by manufacture MDF of plates persons of pitch dangerous to health and phenols, that is an end-product are not used
It turns out non-polluting.
Capacities on manufacture of wood plates MDF all world make more than 140 million cube. M in one year where on a share of Russia and Belarus it is necessary 2,3 %. On statistics capacity of manufacture of wood plates in 2002 in Russia had following parameters: OSB - 2,731 million cube. M: MDF - 0,281 million cube. M; Lam OSB a plate - 0 and in a result - 3,012 million cube. M. As comparison: in Northern America total amount of manufacture was on order more than in Russia and Byelorussia. Such parameters at presence of richest wood resources are smallest. Besides up to 50 % of wood plates not Correspond to modern requirements on quality and on specific expenses for manufacture, it is limited a number(line) of plates, capacities on laminated are insufficient. Thus it is known, that woods of Russia have a plenty of low-grade wood, not suitable for pulp-and-paper manufacture, but which raw material for manufacturing various wood plates MDF, OSB and Lam OSB
Now annual waste products wood manufactures make more than 140 mln. a cube and
Quite may form a basis " for intensive development of manufacture of wood plates.
Conducting West-European firms already have estimated perspectivity of an investment of means in construction of own factories on manifacture wood plates OSB and MDF in Russia. Attractive is blank
The Russian market on OSB, MDF and Lam OSB to plates. Lack in Russian market boards materials of an optimum parity(ratio) cost - quality will be filled already in near future due to commissioning of factories of various capacity equipped with modern equipment.
Among first on Russian market there came Austrian companies. Now for manufacture of plates MDF and OSB, basically, uses coniferous breeds of wood due to what plate has a soft yellowish shade. As raw material wood of poor quality, as a rule, is applied to manufacture of plates, so-called technological wood, and also - waste products wood manufactures ( wood bark ), that is that
Product which for today practically does not find to itself application.
Plates MDF are used for manufacturing decorative furniture facades, ideally approach for creation of a skeleton of various subjects of furniture, and also - for furnish of an interior, such as panel, dekor rods, plinths, structures, table-tops. To expand sphere of application it was possible due to introduction of an additional stage in process of manufacture of a plate: wood - clears of a bark that provides to it(her) a homogeneous light shade and homogeneous structure at which processing there will be no infringement of integrity of a surface because of presence a bark, besides production has equally light color. This one of main advantages of technology before manufacturers of plates MDF.
Except for it it is made panels for facing walls and structures. And at an exhibition laminated floor coverings and panels made on basis MDF and OSB of a plate were submitted.
Exhibiting of laminated floor of Russian manufacture for visitors was present sensation, you see before laminated was imported exclusively from abroad.
Begun positive changes in sphere wood facilities(economy) of Russia already become tendency, that at once has an effect for market offer. At presence of a growing demand for qualitative production from plate MDF, Russia gradually turns to supplier of high quality products from wood with big opportunities and prospects. And this tendency is obvious not only to experts and leaders of branch.